Pre-eclampsia: More risk after childbirth

To experts are concerned about both the risks of high blood pressure before and after pregnancy, called postpartum hypertension. A risk after childbirth and will be higher if pregnancy has had problems with hypertension. Reason why experts advise to be tracked for at least 72 hours after childbirth, to control the risks of further complications in women diagnosed in pre-eclampsia.


Pre-eclampsia, diagnosed during the period of gestation, can make us more vulnerable to complications after childbirth. Once you are discharged, monitoring should be maintained, at least two weeks. A monitoring of blood pressure and, in the case of persistent, check if symptoms have an underlying cause.

Pre-eclampsia is a disorder associated with pregnancy and, according to medical data, affects between 10-15% of women around the twentieth week of gestation. A disorder characterized by an increase in protein in the urine (proteinuria) and blood pressure should be monitored, since among other risks may cause premature labor.

Postpartum hypertension, high blood pressure, can seriously jeopardize the health of women, especially if it has already had this problem during pregnancy. But the increase in blood pressure can occur after childbirth, with symptoms such as headache, nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances. The complications of postpartum hypertension are similar to those of pre-eclampsia in the gestation period, the time required to adopt a treatment immediately because it can also cause cerebral hemorrhage.

Preeclampsia can endanger the health of the mother and future baby. Hence the importance of early diagnosis. Some symptoms may alert the emergence of this disease, such as the increase of more than two kilograms of weight per week, the swelling of the face, hands, ankles or feet, problems or visual disturbances (blurred vision, sensitivity to light, temporary loss of vision), intense abdominal pain, headaches, vomiting and nausea.

Some factors also increase the risk of preeclampsia during pregnancy, such as not having children (nulliparity), obesity, and chronic hypertension, preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy, diabetes, chronic renal disease, multiple pregnancies or the propensity to clot formation. We must also point the smoking habit among the risk factors. Smoking during pregnancy significantly raises the risk of developing this disease. The snuff also increases the risk of low birth weight baby or other complications.