Food plays a central role throughout our lives in the prevention of diseases, a role that is multiplied during the stage of infancy and puberty. Some nutrients are essential in the diet of the children. Proteins, carbohydrates, unsaturated fats, vitamins and minerals, to which it is necessary to add the water. What is the role of each of these nutrients and where can we find them?
Proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and unsaturated fats are part of the family of essential nutrients in the diet of the children. The proteins help to growth and should not miss on a healthy, varied and balanced diet. Foods such as chicken or eggs should be their diet.
For its part, carbohydrates provide the energy that the body needs to stay active throughout the day. The most recommended are slow absorption carbohydrates, present in whole grains, legumes and vegetables. The fruit, fast carbs, is also essential. In fact, recommendation, as we all know, is to take five pieces of fruit and vegetables per day.
Concerning unsaturated fats, we find them in nuts, seeds and olive oil, an essential nutrient in the diet of both adults and younger and recognized for its many properties for our health.
Vitamins, meanwhile, are essential for the body. Perform multiple functions, which are essential nutrients. Among others, they should not miss the diet of children foods rich in vitamin C, such as citrus. Another essential vitamin is vitamin A, found in fresh vegetables. In turn, olive oil is a source of vitamin E, and meat, milk and yogurt provide vitamin B. Egg and fish, another basic foods in a balanced diet, ideal source of vitamin D.
The minerals are essential for healthy growth. Minerals such as calcium, iron and phosphorus are naturally included in the diet of the little ones to stimulate their development and, above all, to grow healthy and strong.
The hydration is the complement of food. Proper hydration goes to between 1.5 and 2 litres of fluids per day, mostly water.