What is mycosis: causes, symptoms and treatment

The mycosis is basically different or different diseases caused by microscopic fungi, which tend to multiply on the skin surface (superficial mycosis) or do so at own organs. When this disease appears for the first time are common relapses, while medical treatment tends to be generally quite long.

causes of mycosis

That is, we are faced with fungal diseases. These are also known by the names of fungal infections, and characterized by frequent and contagious diseases, but that can be curable by administering adequate medical treatment.

Surely you know that, in humans, we can find some fungi that normally live in our bodies. Some are present in our mouth, skin, intestine or vagina of women, and in the majority of cases are in fact harmless. However, when it is multiplied considerably when do become a problem, resulting in alterations. It is at this time when we are faced with a Mycosis.

Among the most common fungal infections include the cutaneous mycoses, which are those that appear on the skin as a result of the multiplication of the various fungi that are normally found in it. In general there are benign infections.

What are the causes of mycosis?
The original cause is obviously the multiplication of certain fungi that commonly found in some parts of our body. But, why this multiplication or infection occurs?

These infections occur when fungi attack the outer layer of the skin, either the body or scalp, or also certain organs and body parts, such as is the case of the vagina in women.

For example, for some fungal infections occur it is necessary to have a moist skin, usually warm and dirty. Therefore fungal skin infections are common in the foot when walking barefoot on the floor in locker rooms or showers, swimming pools and gyms, especially shared with others.

It is also customary for this reason the appearance known as athlete’s foot, a common infection in athletes and adolescents as a result of having the extremely wet and dirty feet.

It is common for fungal infections are more common in people with some type of immune system deficiency, which is medically known immunodeficiency.

Symptoms of mycosis
Clearly, depending on the place or where the fungal infection occurs on the body, its symptoms will be different, since it will not be the same signs appear before a fungal infection in the vagina than one that arises in the skin. For example, if the infection occurs in the vagina is medically known by the name of vaginal mycosis, caused in turn by a fungus called Candida albicans.

Symptoms of vaginal mycosis

  • Itching, irritation or burning in the vagina.
  • Inflammation of the vulva with intense red color.
  • Pain that feels especially at the urination and sexual intercourse.
  • White and sticky discharge, accompanied by abnormal vaginal discharge.

Oral candidiasis or thrush symptoms
Form above all plates of whitish color on the tongue and inside of the cheeks. It also tends to be accompanied by bad breath.

Symptoms of skin mycosis
Often particularly affect different body folds as areas where there is excess moisture and sweat, such as the groin, armpits, navel and the space between the fingers and toes.

Injury usually begins with redness, oozing and finally an annoying irritation.

Symptoms of athlete’s foot
Particularly affects the spaces between the toes and it is very common among athletes, teenagers and seafarers. There arises redness and blisters on the folds, which then turn into cracks.

What is the medical treatment for mycosis?
Before medical treatment it is necessary to establish a proper diagnosis. To do this an analysis is carried out under the microscope of the secretion of the injury or a sample of the affected skin.

Once confirmed fungal or fungal infection is common administration of antifungal medications, whether local or general, depending on the injury and its location.