Not all are simple to treat allergies. Here we look at the most common methods, remembering that each treatment should be discussed in advance by the physician.
The allergy is a reaction of our organism due to a hypersensitivity to a particular substance, with which we come into contact through inhalation, its ingestion or for diverse motives. These substances, known as allergens, their actions vary from person to person, and the treatment will depend not only on the judgment of health care, but also the severity of the case.
Treating mild allergies
Mild allergies, already known and diagnosed, can be treated by taking antihistamines pills. These are usually counter, but it is always best to have an indication of your GP. Do not exceed never taking a daily pill of these substances, it could make your body fights against itself (remember that histamines are natural in the body).
Antihistamines are also versions of syrups and drops for the nose, ears or eyes, and creams or lotions for topical use, depending on the type of allergen into consideration. These substances operate quite simple: block the H1 receptor, preventing histamines act and relieving the symptoms of allergic reaction.
Treatments for severe allergies
Corticosteroids are a more aggressive and effective, ideal for serious cases and always under medical professional. In the market you can find nasal spray versions, ocular, or topical injections also inoculated into the doctor’s office. This treatment should not be applied for more than twelve consecutive weeks, nor in children or adolescents, except expresses medical indication.
Chromoglycates for prevent allergies
Chromoglycates sodium and disodium are prevention of allergies, and apply at least four weeks before exposure to allergens. For example, one month before the allergy season (like spring), a trip, or any exposure condition. After allergy symptoms appeared, the chromoglycates no longer be effective.
Immunotherapy allergy takes the form of vaccines or injections, and are reserved for cases of allergies that do not respond to other medications and treatments. Its action is delicate, as it is injected the patient with certain quantities, until the Agency develop some immunity to it.
While often effective, it also has severe side effects such as anaphylaxis, bronchospasm and various allergic reactions.
What is the best treatment for allergies?
The choice of treatment is reserved exclusively to a doctor or specialist for each patient, after the diagnosis by laboratory tests and skin tests to verify positively to the allergen already the severity of the symptoms. You should never medicate in cases of allergies, it could be exacerbating the situation and risking your own life.