Why Are My Gums Dark Purple?

As dental health is of utmost importance, it is crucial to be aware of any unusual changes occurring in our mouths. One such concern that can cause distress is the appearance of dark purple gums.

The color change can range from deep purple to bluish-black, and it is crucial not to overlook this symptom. If you’ve noticed this peculiar discoloration, it’s essential to understand its potential causes and seek appropriate solutions.

dark purple gums

Possible Causes of Dark Purple Gums

Dark purple gums can be an indication of several potential causes, including:

1. Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common cause of gum discoloration. When plaque and bacteria build up along the gumline, it can lead to inflammation and infection.

In advanced stages, gum disease can cause the gums to darken and become tender. If left untreated, it can result in tooth loss and other severe oral health complications.

2. Medications

Certain medications, such as antimalarials, minocycline, and antipsychotics, have been known to cause changes in gum color. These medications can deposit pigments in the gum tissues, leading to dark purple discoloration.

If you suspect that your medication may be causing this issue, it is crucial to consult your healthcare provider for further guidance.

3. Smoking and Tobacco Use

Smoking and using tobacco products can have detrimental effects on oral health. The chemicals present in tobacco can cause the gums to darken over time.

Additionally, smoking weakens the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off infections, including gum disease. Quitting smoking and avoiding tobacco use is not only beneficial for your overall health but can also help improve the appearance of your gums.

4. Melanin

In some cases, individuals with higher levels of melanin in their gum tissues may naturally have darker gums. This is typically considered a normal variation and not necessarily indicative of a health issue.

5. Poor Oral Hygiene

Inadequate oral hygiene practices can contribute to gum discoloration and a host of other dental problems. Failing to brush and floss regularly allows plaque and bacteria to accumulate, leading to gum inflammation and potential discoloration.

By maintaining a consistent oral hygiene routine, you can significantly reduce the risk of dark purple gums.

6. Systemic Diseases

In some cases, dark purple gums can be a symptom of an underlying systemic condition. Certain diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular issues, can manifest in oral symptoms, including gum discoloration.

If you notice persistent changes in the color of your gums, it is crucial to consult both your dentist and healthcare provider to rule out any potential systemic concerns.

Read: Pros and Cons of Using Electric Toothbrush

How to Address Dark Purple Gums

If you are troubled by the appearance of dark purple gums, there are several steps you can take to address the issue effectively:

Schedule a Dental Appointment

To accurately diagnose the cause of your gum discoloration, it is crucial to schedule a dental appointment. A professional examination, coupled with a comprehensive dental history, will help your dentist determine the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment.

Improve Your Oral Hygiene Routine

Enhancing your oral hygiene routine is vital for maintaining healthy gums. Brushing your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, using fluoride toothpaste, and flossing daily will aid in plaque removal and prevent gum disease.

Additionally, consider incorporating an antimicrobial mouthwash into your routine for added protection.

Quit Smoking and Tobacco

If you are a smoker or use tobacco products, quitting is one of the most impactful steps you can take to improve your gum health and overall well-being.

Seek support from healthcare professionals, join smoking cessation programs, or explore alternative methods such as nicotine replacement therapy.

Follow Your Dentist’s Recommendations

Based on the diagnosis of your dentist, follow their recommendations for treatment. This may involve professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar, scaling and root planing to address gum disease, or medication adjustments if your medications are contributing to the discoloration.

Manage Underlying Health Conditions

If your gum discoloration is linked to an underlying systemic disease, it is essential to manage the condition effectively. Work closely with your healthcare provider to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses both your oral health and systemic well-being.

Read: How to Take Good Care of Your Gums


What color are unhealthy gums?

Unhealthy gums can exhibit various colors, including redness, swelling, tenderness, and a darker shade than their normal pink appearance.

What is the best gum color?

The best gum color is typically a healthy shade of pink.


Dark purple gums can be a cause for concern and may indicate an underlying oral health issue. By understanding the potential causes and implementing the necessary measures, you can take control of your gum health and maintain a vibrant smile.

Remember to consult your dental professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized advice. Prioritize oral hygiene, quit smoking or tobacco use, and be proactive in managing any systemic conditions. With proper care and attention, you can achieve healthy, pink gums and ensure optimal oral health.