Menopause is a stage in the life of the woman disappears in the period and menstruation, which entails significant hormonal alterations.
The last menstrual period and the onset of menopause usually occur in the period between 45 and 55 years of age. This leads to loss of ovulation, a decreased secretion of estrogen and progesterone and leaving the reproductive capacity of women.
The onset of menopause is often accompanied by characteristic clinical signs and symptoms, such as hot flushes and sweating (which usually last from one to five years), dizziness, palpitations, vaginal dryness (which leads to discomfort during sexual intercourse), fatigue, irritability, restlessness or anxiety.
Menopause may also be accompanied by a decrease of calcium in bones with decreased mineralization of the same, a condition called osteoporosis. This can lead to bone pain and pathologic bone fractures, i.e. fractures movements or activities normally not lead to a bone lesion.